The influential Holsteiner stamm 18b1
Text below by Jac Remijnse of Horse Genetics
To form a good notion of the impact lineage 18b1 had on Holstein breeding we need to go back to the beginning of last century.
Drawing up an inventory of the progenitors within Holstein breeding about 1900 there are, broadly outlined, six sire lines that
play a significant role; the Achill-, Adjudant-,
Amurath-, Cicero-, Ethelbert-, and the
Fusilier line. Within the present Holstein breeding only the sire line of Achill is still alive.
Remarkable is the fact that all of the hallmark stallions that descend from these six sire lines carry the blood of lineage 18b1.
The revival of lineage 18b1 starts about 1890 with ancestress Hertha (Young Elthelbert). This mare
delivered directly, among
others, the licensed sons Kurassier (Cicero) and Jurist (Cicero). Beside that, Hertha is reputed as the the grandmother of the
stallions Schiller (Falb x full sister of Kurassier), Vollmacht (Landgraf x full sister of Kurassier) and Zeus (Amurath I).
In Holstein, the jumping talent is primarily credited to the Achill-, and the Cicero line. The progenitor
Kurassier is by far the most influential son of his
famous sire Cicero (Julius), who has a large impact in The Netherlands through his descendant
Domburg (Cicero III - Cicero II - Cicero). After Kurassier the Cicero line died out in Holstein
pretty rapidly. Still, Kurassier is one of the best progenitors of its time. Like all stallions of lineage 18b1, Kurassier did
have a large influence through his daughters. The biggest influence Kurassier had as dam's sire to the jumping provider Tobias
(Achill). Beside that, we find Kurassier at the basis of a number of Holstein lines. Highly reputed dam's lines including lineage
185 (Gabriel and Raymond), lineage 275 (Landgraf I, Concept and Cash), lineage 429 (Aldato, Lorenz, Dutch Capitol and Numero Uno)
and lineage 1895 (Colibri, Landadel and Calvaro V), all go back on the dam's side, directly to a Kurassier daughter. The stallion
Jurist did not have the same impact on Holstein breeding as his full brother Kurassier; still Jurist plays an essential role.
The Stallion Heintze (Weidmann-side out of the Ethelbert line) is held responsible for the pugnacity and temperamental characters
within Holstein breeding. Heintze goes back on the dam's side to a daughter of Kurassier and carries via his sire Heinz (Weidmann),
the blood of Jurist. Due to the combination of Kurassier and Jurist, we can see in the descent of
Heintze, inbreeding on the mare Hertha from lineage 18b1. The qualities of Heintze we find
in Dutch breeding especially through the offspring of Sinaeda and Porter, both of them carry
The earlier mentioned stallions Schiller (Falb), Vollmacht (Landgraf) and Zeus (Amurath) all are grandsons of ancestress Hertha.
Schiller has an effect on the masculine line by his son Meisterschus. Beside that, we find Schiller and Vollmacht mainly in dam's
lines as well. The stallion Zeus has nestled himself in breeding as the sire of Erbherr, a stallion which we also find in dam's
lines. As well as Heintze, the influential hallmark stallion Loretto (Lorbeer - Elegant) is bred
in on lineage 18b1. Lorreto was described as a fine stallion with a nice character, very good gaits and a modern conformation
that looked very similar to the stallions of the Elegant offspring, the less strong side of the Ethelbert family. Mostly less
elastic horses with not always sufficient toughness. The Elegant side of the Ethelbert line was very popular in the 40's and 50's.
After the attendance of jumping-horse breeding this line became extinct very quickly. Still, Loretto delivered more than 30
approved sons and we see him back frequently in the dam's line of several international sport horses and licensed stallions.
The progenetic qualities of Loretto can be attributed to the accumulation of stallions from lineage 18b1. In third generation
of Loretto's descent, we find four stallions of which three are Schiller, Vollmacht and Zeus, the three grandsons of Hertha
from lineage 18b1. Another reason for the success of Loretto is probably the fact that he was a good replenishment to the,
notably, tough jumping blood of the stallions First (Tobias) and Mirza (Favorit - Tobias).
After the first generation of progenitors from line 18b1 made its exit, it remained silent for a long period. This was about
to change in 1945 with the birth of the mare Dorette, a striking marked black daughter of the stallion Monarch (Mahdi I), that
goes back to the seventh generation on the mothers side to progenetrix Hertha. In 2003, Dorette
belongs to the most influential Holstein mares in history and can, in the capacity of progeniture, perhaps be compared with
her ancestress Hertha. Meanwhile, from Dorette's offspring there are more than 20 stallions approved for stud-duty in the
various European studbooks. The influential progenitors Farn (Fax I) and
Roman (Ramzes x) are both direct sons of Dorette. In the early sixties, in connection with
a re-adjusted breeding program, all sons of Fax I (Fanatiker) in Holstein were sold to the Netherlands, retrospectively seen,
a great fortune for the Dutch sports horses breeding. Farn has a tremendous impact in the Netherlands through the widespread
sire line of his son Nimmerdor. We can also find Farn back countless times in dam's lines of international sports horses
and licensed stallions. World-famous show jumping-horses like Pierrot, Mr. Ecke, Just Malone, Renville, Queen of Diamonds,
Renata la Silla, Maybe Forever and Fighting Alpha are all bred out of a Farn mother. Dorette's second son
Roman was condemned as a stud horse based on the products out of his first production. Like Quantum, Roman
was described as a stallion with rideability problems. Especially the direct Roman sons needed strong and sensitive riders.
In Holland, this was often said about direct Farn descendants. Perhaps this quality stood in Quantum's way to gain a good
result from the performance test. After his condemnement, his owner Johannes Blohm trained Roman for the show jumping-sport.
Very soon, however, Blohm entrusted Roman out of his hands to Reimer Hass, a national rider with a lot of feeling for training
young horses. Then, Roman, within a few seasons, made a very successful career in show jumping, reaching S-level. After his
offspring also turned out to have great jumping qualities, Roman was rehabilitated and approved a second time for breeding.
Like Farn, Roman too cannot be eliminated within the present sports horses breeding.
Roman is registered as dam's sire of the hallmark stallions Cantus, Carolus I, Calvin Z, Lagano
and Tin Rocco. We find Roman again in the dam's line in a series of international show
jumping-horses including Classic Touch, Indorado, Little Rock, Capriol, Lux Z and Carolus II. Besides Farn and Roman,
Dorette also produced two influential daughters: Adrette (Heilbutt) and Ella (Colt). Adrette we know, among others, as the dam
of Ronald (Ramiro Z) and as grandam of Lagos (Ladykiller xx x Moltke I). Two stallions who, following Farn, served stud-duty in
both Holstein and the Netherlands. Dorette's daughter Ella is registered as dam of the stallions Constant
(Cor de la Bryere) and Tarento (Tumbled xx). Tarento was sold immediately after his approval to Hungary where he served
breeding under the name Toborzo I. In the "Breeding guide" Toborzo I is noted with four descendants, which perform at
Grand-Prix-level in show jumping. The stallion Constant, who himself jumped at S-level under Hans Gunter Winkler and Michael
Ruping, had the ability of excellent jumping-capacities with an exceptional foreleg technique. Because of his chestnut colour
Constant was not popular among the Holstein breeders, which resulted in a limited amount of services.
Out of the small number of products, Constant delivered several state of the art jumping-horses, including Deichgrafin
(Carsten Otto Nagel) and Chin Chin (Jaime Azcarraga). The latter stallion was fetched back to Europe in 2002, aged twenty-four,
by Wiepke van de Lageweg. Chin Chin finished sixth at the Olympics in Seoul and participated in the World Cup finals three
times. In breeding too, Chin Chin seems to pass on his qualities Out of the small group off Chin Chin-descendants, among others
Phin Phin, Qeurly Chin and Chac-Mool, compete at Grand-Prix-level in show jumping. Constant also exerts his influences through
his daughters. The well-known international jumping-horses Coster, Carlos, Caracas K, Cascavello along with the Grand-Prix
dressage-stallion Coriander all carry the prestigious blood of Constant. Besides Constant, dam Ella also produced, in combination
with Cor de la Bryere; the mares Palisa and Ulla V. Palisa jumped at S-level and produced in breeding the mare Queen Liesa
(Quidam de Revel), who is trained in the jumping-sport by Felix Haßmann. The second full sister of Constant, Ulla V, is
registered as Quantum's dam.
A combination of several stallions from lineage 18b1 in a single pedigree has resulted in the past, among others, in the earlier
mentioned hallmark stallions Heintze and Loretto. Even at today, we can see that a combination of stallions from lineage 18b1
can lead to top matches in sports and breeding. The best-known example in Dutch breeding is the combination
Libero H x Nimmerdor. At dam's side, Libero H carries the blood of Dorette through grandson Ronald, while Nimmerdor is a Farn
son. We know as much as four international jumping-horses that carry the combination Libero H x Nimmerdor in their pedigree,
namely; Ikoon, Iowa, Liberty and Coonawara. The Grand-Prix jumping-horse Iris (Libero H) goes back on dam's side trough
Le Val Blanc on a Farn daughter. In Swedish breeding, Cortez I (Cor de la Bryere) is among the best progenitors of jumping-horses.
On the dam's side, he carries Dorette's blood twice through successively Ronald and Roman. The international jumping-horses
Loxly (Lagos x Constant), Cascavello (Carolus I (Capitol I x Roman) x Constant), Cristoball (Cantus (Caletto I x Roman) x Ronald)
en Cordial (Coriander (Coriolan x Constant) x Lagos) all carry the blood of the dam Dorette from lineage 18b1 in their pedigree.
In the future, many Dutch successes could occur out of a combination of Chin Chin-blood (Constant) with blood of Nimmerdor (Farn)
and Libero H (Landgraf I x Ronald).
The influence of 18b1
The above-mentioned story shows how widely lineage 18b1 is woven within Holstein breeding and how great the influence is of this
dam's line when joined together several times. Influential breeding mares like Warthburg (Landgraf I en Cash), Oktave (Libero H),
Novella (Landadel), Larese (Chin Chin) and Perra (Carthago, Lord Calando en Leonce) all have a
pedigree in which we see an accumulation of lineage 18b1. For instance, when we look at the pedigree of Libero H, we find
lineage 18b1, within the first four generations, only once via the stallion. Looking back at the pedigree of Libero H over more
generations, we find more than eighty line-breedings on progenetrix Hertha (Young Ethelbert) from lineage 18b1. Drawing up an
inventory of the pedigree of Quantum, we find progenetrix Hertha twenty-three times. Like earlier mentioned, we have to bear
the influence of the stallions Quidam de Revel, Cor de la Bryere and Colt in mind. These stallions certainly provided a great
contribution to the jumping-qualities of Quantum. Especially the stallion Colt, a son of Cromwell (Cottage Son xx) from the
highly reputed lineage 242, played a significant role in modernizing the sports horse within Holstein breeding. Out of his
only serving season in Holstein, Colt delivered, from the E-volume, 16 registered studbook-mares, almost all guaranteed to
pass on jumping-talent. Cor de la Bryere, on his turn, found blood connection at Cottage Son xx. This successful combination
we also come across in the pedigree of Calando I-V, Caletto I-III, Cinzano, Coriall and Corrado I-II. The French top-progenitor
Quidam de Revel, who generally connects to Holstein breeding very well, adds the blood of thoroughbred Furioso xx once again.
Still, in this article we tried to render the great value lineage 18b1 had on breeding. Besides that, you can conclude that the
stallion Quantum got much of the inner and outward qualities of his influential dam's line. This, in combination with his own
jumping-capacities, make Quantum a very interesting breeding stallion for the Holstein sports-horses breeding future.